How is soil useful in agriculture?

Question

Soil is the first basic requirement while farming because it is the main source of nutrients to the plants. Healthy soil produces the most food. The soil is considered as a living, dynamic ecosystem that helps in converting dead, decayed matter into nutrients with the presence of microorganisms.

Agricultural or farming aims at growing crops in soil so that they consume nutrients and in turn provide it in the form of vegetables and fruits. Soil acts as a medium for the supply of nutrients and water to the plants. Once the nutrients and water are used up, it is supplemented using fertilizers and irrigation respectively.

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