How to increase milk yield and fat percent of a dairy cow?
- The yield of milk and the percentage of fat are based on the genetic potential of the animal. There would be no chance to increase the yield of milk beyond its potential which comes genetically. But as observed, most of the farmers in India who are involved in Dairy farming do not even get the actual potential milk yield from their dairy animals. The main reason for this is malnutrition and various stress factors dairy cattle are put into.
- So the simplest method to raise the milk yield is to address the nutritional requirements as well as the stress factors of the animals in dairy farming.
Address Nutritional Factors:
- You need to provide 19 to 26 kgs of green fodder for the dairy animals. Do not just limit the green fodder to only one variety. Try mixing legumes such as hedge lucerne, cowpea with the regular fodder such as C04, Sorghum, etc. Chaffing the green fodder increases the nutritional intake and decreases the wastage.
- Provide 11 kgs of dry fodder. It is always suggested to provide dry fodder after evening milking is done.
- You need to provide the dairy animals with 4 kgs of concentrate feed. Make sure that you are increasing this quality for high milking animals in your dairy farm. Do not just limit yourself to just 1 variety of dhana and try to mix 1 oil cake such as cottonseed cake, groundnut cake or anything which is locally available, 1 grain as maize powder and 1 husk such as black gram husk, paddy husk, etc. You can increase the nutritional intake by soaking this overnight which will ferment the feed.
- It is very important to provide 50 grams of mineral mixture. If this is not done, it results in the deficiency of micronutrients which leads to a decrease in milk yield causing reproductive issues.
- Provide 30 litres of hygienic/clean water.
Address Stress Factors:
- An exact routine should be followed every day.
- Animals should be washed twice a day.
- It is mandatory to clear the dung thrice a day.
- Animals should not be beaten or threatened.
- There should be no mosquitoes in the shed.
- Milking should be done at the same time and also by the same person every day.
- If the milker is taking a long time to milk, there is a chance of a decrease in the yield of milk.
- You should make sure that the deworming is done to animals regularly. Worms in the stomach will reduce the milk yield drastically.
- Animals should not be tied in direct sunlight. Make sure that you are allowing the animal to graze freely for at least few hours, which will increase the metabolism and also makes the animal happy. A happy animal yields more milk.
- As Buffaloes love water, if you have access to a pond, allowing them to roll about or lie in the pond will have an amazing effect resulting in a longer lactation period and improvement in reproductive efficiency.
- Basically, it is important to address all the needs of a cow or a buffalo. When you do that, the cow or buffalo will give maximum milk that it can produce as well as milk fat and SNF will also increase.