What is the fastest method of producing profitable catfish?
#1. Growth of the catfish is completely dependent on how efficient is the farm, water quality, disease control, cost management and the number of fish you produce per acre of land. You can expect profits from a catfish farm depending on how fast you grow them to marketable size. See the below list of factors which affect the fish farm production:
#2. Water flow: This is the most important factor as the catfish grows rapidly in continuously flowing water. They can also live in tanks and reservoirs. Catfish will not grow well in small ponds due to predators, especially when bass and bluegill are present because these are the fish species which feed on young catfish.
#3. Temperature: Catfish grows best in warm water at a temperature between 80-83 degrees F. You can begin spawning the fish when the temperature of the water rises above 70 degrees F.
#4. Balancing the pond: Balancing your pond is important because if you have fish growing in high density, there would be chances of water getting toxic and polluted which leads to the fish to get sick and lessens the growth of the fish in number. After two years following the stocking, the fish will reach their limit and you can have the fish which are of a size to get harvested can be taken out. Also remove all the unwanted fish and material waste from the pond.
#5. Feed for the fish: In a pond which is well-balanced, the ecosystem which is created naturally would help to feed your fish after you have set your pond and added nutrients to the soil on a and which is fertile, plants and insects will act as food to your fish. If you want the catfish in a rapid way, give them a nutritionally balanced feed. The catfish fingerlings will grow faster when they are provided with regular feed in the beginning of their production season. By this, they will grow in a right size for harvesting. Make sure that you are not feeding too much as this affects the quality of water and increases feed costs.
#6. Water quality: The quality of water is the most important thing as it ensures the healthy growing of fish. The circulated water system will help to keep the water clean, but at the same time it is important to maintain the right pH balance. The pH level should be between 6.5-9.0. If you find that the pH is low, adding limestone top the water helps. Check for the impurities dissolved in water and also the oxygen level. Density between 1500-5000 lb/acre could be an ideal one for intensive farming. For small scale farms, 1000-1500 lb/acre is preferable. You will need to supply aerostation and regular food for faster growth of fish. Also check for water contamination by having tests for water and soil. Check if any fish is sick.